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Glossary

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Term Definition
Bally Flex Test performed to mimic a flexing motion on leather specimens, one wet and one dry.
Bio-based Materials that are composed in whole, or in significant part, of biological products (biomass).
Biodegradable Refers to a product breaking down into natural elements, carbon dioxide and water vapor by organisms like bacteria and fungi.
Biodegradable Leather Leather is made to last and wear well, but has the ability to degrade biologically in 10 to 50 years.
Biodegradable Materials Materials in which the degradation results from the action of naturally occurring microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae.
Bonded Leather A material that has been made from leather dust, clippings and leather shavings bonded together with a base substance - usually synthetic. Sometimes also known as leather board.
Break The way the surface of the leather can wrinkle or "break" down. Also called looseness.
Brush Off Leather with contrasting base and surface coats. The surface is removed with a burnishing wheel to reveal the lighter, contrasting base color underneath.
Buffed Leather A leather that has had the top surface buffed to produce a soft velvet-like touch. Depending on the depth of the buffing there will often be a clearly visible nap. This term is also sometimes used for nubuck leather.
By-product A secondary or incidental product of a manufacturing process (e.g., scrap or emissions).