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Glossary

ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Term Definition
Samming A process to remove water after wet blue tanning and retanning.
Scratches/Scars Natural defects on the animal hide.
Semi-Aniline Leather Leather that has a light finish applied, usually with pigments. The natural grain surface can still be seen but it less susceptible to soiling and easier to care for than aniline leather.
Setting Out Usually done in the same process as samming, lays or sets out the hide for further processing.
Shaving

It is a testing and accreditation company with established parameters used in the Shoe Industry.

Shoe and Allied Trade Research Association, SATRA

It is a testing and accreditation company with established parameters used in the Shoe Industry.

 

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Side Hide which is cut in half, along the backbone, forming two "sides" of leather. Smaller area is easier to work with in the shoe manufacturing process.
Snuffed Grain Leather Similar to buffed or nubuck leather, where the grain is very lightly buffed.
Sole Leather A thick firm leather used in footwear, which is produced by vegetable tanning.
Sorting Examining the surface of the leather for defects and categorizing into grades.
Split Leather The underneath section of the leather after it has been split - the top layer is what creates full grain leather, the split is the second layer and is mostly used to make suede
Spray Machine It is used to spray dyes and finish systems onto the surface of the leather.
Staking Wet staking is a mechanical operation used to even out the fibers in the hide. Dry staking is a mechanical operation for loosening the fibers in the hide to create a softer temper.
Suede The flesh side of the final leather or also used to refer to split leather. The fibers tend to be longer giving it a ‘hairy’ appearance.
Sustainable

In 1987, the United Nations Brundtland Commission defined sustainability as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

 

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Sustainable Apparel Coalition, SAC

A global alliance of retailers, brands, suppliers, advocacy groups, labor unions and academics, aims to create an apparel, footwear and home textiles industry that produces no unnecessary environmental harm and has a positive impact on people and communities.

 

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Synthetic It describes a substance and/or material which is made by a chemical synthesis/process.